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HUMAN TRAFFIKING

HUMAN TRAFFIKING

Yohannes Gebresellasie (Ph.d) Addis Ababa    12-14-19

Human trafficking is the most horrific tragedy that humanity has been experiencing in our era of 21st century. Human traffickers have taken millions if not billions of dollars from innocent people. According to the International Labor Organization (ILO), forced labor alone (one component of human trafficking) generates an estimated $150 billion in profits per annum as of 2014. In 2012, the ILO estimated that 21 million victims are trapped in modern-day slavery. Of these, 14.2 million (68%) were exploited for labor, 4.5 million (22%) were sexually exploited, and 2.2 million (10%) were exploited in state-imposed forced labor. The International Labor Organization has reported that child workers, minorities, and irregular migrants are at considerable risk of more extreme forms of exploitation. Statistics shows that over half of the world's 215 million young workers are observed to be in hazardous sectors, including forced sex work and forced street begging. Ethnic minorities and highly marginalized groups of people are highly estimated to work in some of the most exploitative and damaging sectors, such as leather tanning, mining, and stone quarry work. Further, traffickers have murdered, imprisoned and inhumanly abused innocent and desperate people who leave their country of origin with the hope of finding a better place elsewhere. These innocent people risk everything including their precious lives for that. They take all that risk in order to help themselves, their families and love ones; however, their trip has always been dangerous, risky and even deadly and tragic least to say.

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Human trafficking is thought to be one of the fastest-growing activities of trans-national criminal organizations. Although human trafficking can occur at local or domestic levels, it has international implications as well. Trafficking is a serious crime and a grave violation of human rights. Every year, thousands of men, women and children fall into the hands of traffickers in their own countries and abroad. Almost every country in the world is affected by trafficking, whether as a country of origin, transit or destination for victims. Article 3, paragraph (a) of the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons defines Trafficking in Persons as “the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harboring or receipt of persons, by means of the threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation. Exploitation shall include, at a minimum, the exploitation of the prostitution of others or other forms of sexual exploitation, forced labor or services, slavery or practices similar to slavery, servitude or the removal of organs.

Trafficked people are held against their will through acts of coercion, and forced to work for or provide services to the trafficker or others. The work or services may include anything from bonded or forced labor to commercial sexual exploitation. The arrangement may be structured as a work contract, but with no or low payment, or on terms which are highly exploitative. Sometimes the arrangement is structured as debt bondage, with the victim not being permitted or able to pay off the debt. The arrangement may be structured as a work contract, but with no or low payment, or on terms which are highly exploitative. Sometimes the arrangement is structured as debt bondage with the victim not being permitted or able to pay off the debt.

Human trafficking is the trade of humans for the purpose of forced laborsexual slavery, or commercial sexual exploitation for the trafficker or others. This may encompass providing a spouse in the context of forced marriage, or the extraction of organs or tissues including for surrogacy and ova removal. Human trafficking can occur within a country or trans-nationally. Human trafficking is a crime against the person because of the violation of the victim's rights of movement through coercion and because of their commercial exploitation. Human trafficking is the trade in people, especially women and children, and does not necessarily involve the movement of the person from one place to another.

Human traffickers care only for themselves at the expense of those innocent people. They demand everything including human organs if and when those innocent people could not pay those things they ask them to pay. They even hold hostage of those innocent people and ask their families and friends back home or anywhere else to pay for them or else they do everything unimaginable and inhuman including murdering them unless they fulfill their demands. Human trafficking is condemned as a violation of human rights by international conventions. In addition, human trafficking is subject to a directive in the European Union.

A LESSON FROM:  India Anti-Human Trafficking Portal

In India, the trafficking in persons for commercial sexual exploitation, forced labor, forced marriages and domestic servitude is considered an organized crime. The Government of India applies the Criminal Law (Amendment) Act 2013, active from 3 February 2013, as well as Section 370 and 370A IPC, which defines human trafficking and "provides stringent punishment for human trafficking; trafficking of children for exploitation in any form including physical exploitation; or any form of sexual exploitation, slavery, servitude or the forced removal of organs." Additionally, a Regional Task Force implements the SAARC Convention on the prevention of Trafficking in Women and Children. India's Minister of State for Home Affairs launched a government web portal, the Anti-HumanTrafficking Portal, on 20 February 2014. The Indian official statement explained that the objective of the on-line resource is for the "sharing of information across all stakeholders, States/UTs[Union Territories] and civil society organizations for effective implementation of Anti Human Trafficking measures. The key aims of the portal are:

·        Aid in the tracking of cases with inter-state ramifications.

·        Provide comprehensive information on legislation, statistics, court judgments, United Nations Conventions, details of trafficked people and traffickers and rescue success stories.

·        Provide connection to "Track child", the National Portal on Missing Children that is operational in many states[

Also on 20 February, the Indian government announced the implementation of a Comprehensive Scheme that involves the establishment of Integrated Anti Human Trafficking Units (AHTUs) in 335 vulnerable police districts throughout India, as well as capacity building that includes training for police, prosecutors and judiciary. As of the announcement, 225 Integrated AHTUs had been made operational; while 100 more AHTUs were proposed for the forthcoming financial year.

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