Latest UN report On Eritrea
Tariku Feleke 12-151-4
Recently the UN has issued an incredible and
heartbreaking report that states many Eritreans are leaving their home in
Exodus to other countries. Those who heard the report asked “Is Eriterea going
to be home to only Ato Isaias, members and supporters of PFDJ and his lie-mill
According to UNHCR, more than 6200 Eritreans (out
of which 78 are children) have fled their country in less than two months,
getting tired of the dictatorial regime in their home country and the forced
conscription. The report also states that in the month October alone more than
5 thousand Eritreans have entered into our country seeking asylum.
The report went further to claim that the exodus
of Eritreans is not only confined to Ethiopia, as the number of asylum seeking
Eritreans in Sudan and other European countries is on the rise.
Within the past ten months alone, more than 37
thousand Eritrean-born citizens applied for asylum in European countries
crossing Mediterranean sea in boats, while waiting for the reply siting
congested in Sweden, Germany and Switzerland.
And there's one undeniable truth that all this
tells us. That is, in addition to the Asmara’s administration sinister plot to
destruct the region through terrorism, the regime also stifling its own people
that claim to ‘liberate’.
Here, I think it’s necessary to raise the
question, “How bad is the situation in the country for Eritreans to flee their
home in this extent?” – Although it’s obvious it has to do the mess the country
is in which is caused by the regime’s last 23 years brutal rule, its “War
economy” philosophy and exploitive policies.
It’s obvious that this move by the regime has
caused political tension and economic downturn. So, I will, in this article, to
probe into the reasons behind the peoples’ exodus by citing various proofs….
Truth be told, the source of Eritrea’s problem and
mess is the dictatorial regime that’s strangling the country. As its known, the
Eritrea Administration under the iron-fist rule of the Asmara honcho Ato Isaias
Afwerqi, has immersed itself into a havoc strategy dragged by its bravado
(adventurous) mentality that has lived with it since its inception, instead of
working to make its citizens life better.
As the government is busy getting involved in
arming terrorists by buying weapons and exporting it to neighboring countries,
at the expense of growing and expanding its productivity, it does not have the
time to contemplate on ways to change its citizens’ life for the better.
As every reader of this article knows, the
dictatorial squad that’s in the driving seat of the Eritrean government is a
collection of delusional, who since it organized itself 23 years ago, wanted
only to grow through exploiting other country’s resources, instead of by using
its own country’s citizens labor and creativity and natural resources.
As a result, the country’s economy has been
drowning for years to a point where its citizen’s is forced to lead miserable
and wretched life. And the people are sick and tired of this.
They are finding it unimaginably hard to go on
like that. Turning to exodus as a solution, many are fleeing in to neighboring
countries in droves.
However, the Asmara administration instead of
changing this dire situation, it has put all its effort on its terror
activities. This has made life even harder on its people.
The Asmara’s hawkish squad turned Eritrea’s
economy full attention to exporting chaos and havoc; it has leaded it deep into
a dark abyss and worsened the people’s misery. As a result, currently there’s a
huge tension between the people and the Shabiya squad. I think mentioning the
aforementioned UN report on the peoples’ exodus is an enough illustration.
And various reasons can be raised for the start of
the tension. The fact that the Asmara administration economic relation (link)
with its neighboring countries has broken, the fact that its economy lost its
labor force, the fact that it’s dependent on the Diaspora’s remittance money
and the fact that it’s using the money to buy arms and work day and night to
terrorize its neighbors, are some of the many reasons for the tension.
The Shabiya squad aims to impose its will on the
region’s countries through force. It can be said that its part of its psyche.
It looks at military bravado as some kind of “Jeanie card”.
This has cost it all its economic privileges it
would have gotten from a peaceful and working relationship with its neighbors.
And it’s plainly obvious that its erupted relation with Ethiopia is the main
reason for its economic downturn.
Truth be told, the economy Shabiya is presiding
over has crushed. The reason mentioned for the Shabiya-led economy’s failings
is the deficiency of labor force.
As a consequence of the forced national service
conscription in Eritrea; which exposes the productive and energetic youth for
exploitation and slavery, and the recent huge “exodus” of most of the country’s
youth to neighboring countries to get away from the brutal regime of Ato
Isaias, the economy is facing shortages of labor force.
Following this, farmers are not able to
appropriately harvest their production, due to shortages of workers. It can be
said that they’re stifled.
The other reason for the Shabiya-led Economy’s
failings has to do with the fact that ¼th of the economy is runned
by money collected from the Diasporas, as opposed to an income generated from
within the country. Nevertheless, Eritreans in the Diaspora have decreased the
money they used to send once they realized Eritrean government’s rent-seeking
And recently, following the expulsion of Eritrean
diplomats from some countries like Canada; as a consequence of UNs Security
Council resolution 2012, the government rent-seeking pocket has dried-up.
In relation to this, it should mentioned that Ato
Isaias knack of arming terrorists by buying weapons with the money he squeezed
out of the people is also one of the reasons for the economy’s current dire
The Asmara vandal squad contemplates on elongating
its time in power with militaristic thinking and dictatorship at the expense of
its people well being, which led its military expenditure to reach 6.3% out of
the national spending.
This has put Eritrea on number nine position (from
10 countries) on the list of countries that spends heavily on arms procurement;
the only African country on the list. At one time, the Stockholm International
Peace Research Institution (SIPRI) stated that Eritrea is the first out of the
African countries in spending the highest share of military expenditure with
proportion to its wealth.
This is the thing Shabiya is coming first from its
neighbors. However, instead of importing modern tools that would help
increase that poor country’s science and technology and agricultural and
industrial productivity, the regime has turned to chaos and aggression to
divert attention and cover its problems.
At one time NATO has caught the regime red-handed
on the Indian Ocean with a 15 million dollar worth of ground–to– air missiles,
15 ton of Rockets, grenades that it bought from North Korea.
The regime’s sinister antics don’t stop with this.
It’s been some time since it became clear that Shabiya’s adhered economic
philosophy is “war economy”. Here, I think its necessary to raise the question
‘what’s war economy philosophy?
This philosophy has to do with Shabiya filling its
money sack through creating and escalating war (and exploit various scenarios
within the process). For instance, Ato Isaias’s government training, arming and
supporting role that it’s giving in Somalia to terrorist groups like Al-Shabaab
is one of the manifestation of this ‘War economy”.
Shabiya, by receiving money from sides that
sponsor terror activities, trains Al-shabaab, transfers terror-waging materials
through air and land, and it also works hard to escalate the conflict (war) by
giving various logistical supports. Taking war as a business, it fills its
money sack through the blood of innocents.
In addition to this, by creating terrorists and
anti-peace forces in peaceful neighboring countries with its own spit image, it
uses them for its own terror work. In order not to make its vault empty, it
takes its “commission” from forces that sponsors its terror services. It leads
its life-death struggle not lose its power through it.
However, according to recent confidential
information gathered from ‘Wikileaks’, which cited former American Ambassador
in Eritrea, this ‘War Economy’ philosophy of Ato Isaias is failing. According
to this information, as half of the population of Eritrea was born after the
country’s independence, it can’t be satisfied with former rebel stories of Ato
Isaias. It wants economic development.
Today’s Eritrea youth is facing indefinite and
forced conscription with little money. Although, the independence vision which
took the sacrifice of one generation had hope of better future, Ato Isaias
calculated war economy is killing that hope fast. And the youth is fleeding to
neigboring countries in droves.
One of the main culprits for the Asmara's
administration failing economy is Ato Isaias's “mobile money bag” Ato Hagos
Gebrehiwot, a.k.a “Hagos kisha”. Credited as the engineer and supervisor of the
failing economic policy, there isn't an economic sector he doesn't control under
the skies of Eritrea.
It can be said that the whole Eritrean economy is
under his control. Looking at the “monopoilization” of the man, the Ambassador
asked him if he’s a “Communist?” As Ato “Hagos Kisha” is from the school of
“Lying with straight face” like his boss Ato Isaias, he answered that’s not
However, as the Ambassador insisted, Ato Hagos
replied back by saying “The fact Eritrea warred with Ethiopia, and lack of
foreign currency has forced the economy to posit a war-time posture.”
The man did not stop with only this. After
admitting to the fact that the Ato Isaias administration adheres to 'War
economic policy', he then adds a confusing message “we are moving to the path
that we used to follow immediately after independence”.
Despite this and the fact that the Ato Isaias
regime is close to its demise (as a result of the internal tension), the
information shows that there is belief among some authorities of the regime
that the gold mining that’s being carried out in placed called “Bisha” will
save the country’s economy and regime from falling from the cliff.
Nevertheless, the Ambassador’s cable, which was
made official by ‘Wikileaks’, called this hope of the authorities
“unthinkable”. And the Ambassador have his own reasons for saying this...
The fact that the company took all the income from
the sale of the minerals (resources) for the first two years is the first
reason. Thus, until the end of 2013, the Eritrean government did not gain
anything from the resources except for tax-related income. It’s not until five
years in the future that – when the Zinc starts to be extracted – that a better
income will be gained.
Even after these long years, the income will not
amount to anything for the Eritrean people, as it will be taken up by “Hagos Kisha”
and will be used to fill the money vault of Ato Isaias.
The fact that Ato Isaias recently came out on the
national TV and said “we have nothing” goes out to imply where the money from
the resources goes.
So its not expected that the mining will breathe
life in to the country’s economy, which is crushed beyond repair by Ato Isaias’
“war economy” policy. This why the people chose to flee – as an illustration in
case, we can mention the more than 6200 Eritreans who entered into Ethiopia's
borders in 37 days alone.
Here its necessary top raise one ridiculous and
contradicting fact. That is the lying propaganda of the Shabiya honcho and his
lie-machine television. In one hand they said there's nothing in the country,
while on the other hand they lie to their own people saying, “Our economy is
The fact is the Eritrean people has no place in
Shabiya economy, outside of being a spectator. However, it does not stop the
Eritrean government cohorts from spewing this kind of bullshit.
But I think these handfuls of Ato Isaias’s cohorts
should know the facts on the ground are as what 'wikileaks' have said. Because
lying to the people by giving empty hope is the same as disregarding what you
to know to be the truth and trying to pull an obvious and foolish trick on the
people. The people is stating its misery to the regime by fleeing the country
in large numbers.
Of course here it should be asked ‘Is the Eritrean
people worth this kind of foolish and obvious antic from its government?’
Of course, a government cannot fool its people
through outdated and obsolete propaganda. Any people in any country are all
knowing, fair and just. It can know very abstract phenomenon that are done in
confidential, let alone issues that touches it.
Our brothers, the Eritrean people, absolutely
understand any of the sinister acts carried out by the Asmara’s havoc
administration. Unfortunately, as it’s stifled by Ato Isaias’s government and
is unable to do anything about it, the people are displaying their protest
through exodus. This is why, as i have mentioned it above, more than 37,000
people fled out of the country and seek European asylum in four months alone.
Looking at the mess the Eritrean government
created on its people reminds me of BBC's on time article on Eritrea on which
it likened the country' general situation to the dark ages. Martin Plaut,
African editor at BBC News, citing his sources in Asmara, said that the
citizen’s are living in horrendous conditions.
There is no electric in Asmara. Its only a very
small people, who have their own generators, and the ruling party people who
see glimpses of light. The rest lives in conditions that are similar to the
In addition to this, there's an obvious
under-supply of petrol and diesel. As a result, the city’s dwellers are forced
to use wheel-burrows and Horse drawn carts like the olden times. It’s
unthinkable to get clean water. The Asmarites are forced to stand in a long
queue at water-bonos just like they would do other home supplies.
Even after they get water, it’s very hard for them
to get kerosene to cook their foods. And to get it, they have to visit the
dictatorial government’s shops to get kerosene that would be used to cook
meals, supplied once or twice a year – they are living in hell.
As any reader of this article knows, the pain the
Asmara squad is inflicting on the same people it patronizes of setting free is
very bad. The average Eritrean which go through the day waiting in a line at
Shabiya shops for its daily consumption, is leading a hellish and painful life.
And this has destabilized its peace.
It’s now a people forced to take two options,
considering its fate will intertwine with prison if it even so much listen to
talks of development and democracy, let alone raise them itself.
The first one is to sit there suffering shutting
its mouth, or the second option to flee to neighboring countries, like the
recent wave of exodus, making life-threatening journey.
The Eritrean people, who does not have the right
to express their views, where the speaker, journalist and political analyst is
only its dictatorial leader, is hurting from poverty and misery.
What other option does a people that are living
its life in a wretched and hellish manner? - Nothing. And as “International
Crises Group” one time analysis and report done on Eritrea suggests, a
government that's hated by its people will probably end up being a “failed state”.
As we can recall, the Group's report stated ‘As
Eritrea is immersed in a huge economic and political chaos, the country may
soon be a failing state”. According to the group, if things go on as they are
now, a very bad disaster may erupt in the country.
The report implicated that the political system is
close to a blood bath, and the situation is manifested by the instability seen
in the country. I think this is illustrated by the people exodus.
I think the forced national conscription service,
which is done in the name of development and nation building, will inevitable
contribute to the country’s failings. The fact that the Eritrea’s dictatorial
regime which seemed stable is now cracking up is a telling that it has reached
its final days.
'Can a government led an empty country without its
people?' or 'Is the aim of Ato Isaias Afwerqi's long-term plan is to rule over
Eritreans through remote control from a far?'...
Because it’s not that surprising for a dictatorial
regime to come up with plans like that or much worse than that - showing
contempt and driving out its own people is an innate nature of dictatorial
All in all, I'm sure that the Eritrean people, our
brothers, will free itself from this baleful regime by exposing it like its
doing now. For this, I think it should follow the footsteps of Eritrea's
democratic forces that have raised an armed struggle against Eritrean