foreign policy foundations: crucial Input to African unionís vision?
the history of African continent, for centuries there was no clear, precise and
holistic written framework of foreign policy foundations, principles and
objectives. But now days, some African countries bring a paradigm shift in
framing foreign policy foundations, principles and objectives in a written
foreign policy foundations are among most important and vibrant as well as input
for African unionís vision which is realizing ďAn Integrated, prosperous and
peaceful Africa, driven by its own citizens and representing a dynamic force in
the global arena.Ē Having this in mind, let as look at Ethiopian foreign
Development and the building of a democratic system as foreign
In the course
of history, for first time Ethiopia witnessed a double digit (above 11%)
economic growth for the last ten years. Development is the matter of survival
for Ethiopia. It is the central point or main target of Ethiopian diplomacy.
Ethiopian foreign policy and national security document clearly reflects, ďRapid development is not merely important in raising the
standard of living of the People, but also a guarantee of national survival.Ē From this quotation, we can understand two important issues
which support African unionís vision of prosperous, integrated and peaceful
economic growth in Ethiopia could enable people at grass-root level to be free
from poverty and backwardness. Ethiopia become prosperous means, some part of
world or Africa become prosperous. Second, rapid economic growth is a matter of
survival for Ethiopia. This implies, if there is no rapid and sustainable
economic growth as well as equitable distribution of wealth among nations,
nationalities and peoples of Ethiopia, there would be disintegration and crisis
which may lead to failed state status. Development as Ethiopian foreign policy
foundation is the key solution to save Ethiopia from crisis, disintegration and
being failed state.
If Ethiopia achieves
rapid and sustainable economic growth, African unionís vision to build
prosperous and integrated Africa could walk forward. Having development as
Ethiopian foreign policy foundation in their mind, Ethiopian diplomats are
highly striving in search of markets for Ethiopian goods, working to bring
foreign direct investment, development assistance and loan, attract tourists, facilitate
knowledge and technology transfer as well as to find technical and financial
assistance. This shows Ethiopia in accordance with its foreign policy
foundation, working to realize Ethiopian renaissance in particular and African
renaissance and integration in general. We can witness Ethiopiaís domestic efforts
to integrate and tie Africa through infrastructure. For example, Ethiopia and Sudan
have been integrated and interwoven by high way roads and electricity. Ethiopia
and Djibouti interlinked by railway as well as electricity. Even after
accomplishment of GERD (grand Ethiopian renaissance dam which is the sovereignty
and flag project of Ethiopian nation nationalities and people ) on Nile river, north
African countries including Egypt, middle east counties, gulf states as well
as Europe would be interlinked by electric power.
brutal-tyrant government leaders on power in Eritrea, Ethio-Eriterea
relationship has a problem. Still now, Ethiopia and Eritrea people to people
connection continues. Ethiopian government has been made effort and currently
striving to normalize relation with Eritrea. It is clear to analyze Ethiopian
government position on African integration and Eritreaís brutal tyrantsí
government to destroy and destabilize horn of African countries like Ethiopia,
Kenya, Somalia, and (Yemen) Ö. Through empowering terrorist groups of al-shebab
which is African wing of al-Qaida.
to building democratic system as foreign policy foundation, side by side with
development, Ethiopia has been building various democratic and justice
institutions to ensure good governance and justice in Ethiopia. Ethiopia
included civic and ethical education in educational curriculum from lower
grades to higher levels to cultivate the mind of Ethiopians by democratic way
of thinking and knowledge.
1991(after fall down of generation killer military dergue regime), Ethiopia
allowed courts, election board, media, civic societies and other democracy
institutions to be free from any government intervention. Ethiopia also has built
democracy institutions like ombudsman, anti-corruption and ethics commission and
other institutions. This all implies, Ethiopia making effort to ensure
democracy which would enhance good governance and willingness of people to live
together in tolerance and integration with each other by their own consent.
If Africa to
be integrated, all governments must have work and strive to ensure democracy on
African soil. Without ensuring democracy and sustainable development in Africa,
planning to see prosperous, integrated and peaceful Africa is just day mere!
pride and prestige as Ethiopian foreign policy foundation;
many national prides and prestige in Ethiopia in particular and Africa in
general. Among most known prides of Ethiopia, Adwa victory to Ethiopia and
Africa in fighting against colonialism. Other many prides like wonderful civilizations
of Axum, nationís, nationalities and peoples culture and sovereignty. If
Ethiopian foreign policy foundations have taken Ethiopian national prides as
base for foreign relation, it is also very simple to understand that Ethiopia
is promoting original Africanism in its diplomacy. In accordance with National
pride and prestige as Ethiopian foreign policy foundation, it is absolutely
possible to promote other east, west, south North African countries prides to
external world through Ethiopian diplomacy.
Globalization as foundation of foreign policy:
foreign policy pre-assumed the opportunities and disadvantages of globalization
at the very beginning. It mentioned that there are
no exceptions and no country is outside of globalised economic system. Ethiopia
could not attain development and democracy by closing her doors to external
world. It is only possible when Ethiopia accepts the real facts of
globalization and appropriately applies to its economy at grass-root level.
This shows how much Ethiopia is open to work in cooperation with African fellow
brothers and other world to realize its renaissance and African unionís vision.