The struggle to develop a green economy
Gemechu Tussa 08-21-17
So far a number of years have counted since Ethiopia designed a green economy strategy and began implementing. The very intention is to alleviate poverty and ensure sustainable economic growth of the country. In this regard, there are various problems that challenged the ever rising economy of both developed and developing countries. One of these crucial challenges that need to be addressed is climate changes.
Climate changes could be withstood in various ways. One among these essentials is developing green economy that has never releases any carbon to the air. Ethiopia is doing this very well in a way that could be a model for other African countries. However, there is still struggling among countries, both in the developing and the developed category as climate change has become a threat to human existence nowadays.
World leaders are seriously concerned about and are discussing ways to tackle it. While the most industrially advanced countries who release much polluted carbon are advised to reduce emission, while developing countries are requested to start their economic development policies in ways to fight climate change.
Ethiopia is one of the best practical exemplar countries that are engaged in combating climate change through adapting suitable policies. Ethiopia has managed to register all rounded economic and political growth, which laid foundation of the nation towards middle income status. Potential investment, huge manufacturing and industry sectors are booming beyond imagination.
Due to this, the demand for electricity has increased drastically at 25% every year, which becomes the priority for the government to realize massive mega projects aiming at maintain the rapid and deepening economic growth. So as to meet the demand of the nation fast economic growth, providing reliable and adequate power is a must.
Accordingly, various mega projects have been constructed so far before and under the first Growth and Transformation Plan, which all have the capacity to generate over 4238 Mega Watt per annum. In due course of time, the overall work on 500 KV Hidase-Didesa-holeta, 400 kV Welaita Soddo 2- Addis Ababa, and 230 kV Alamata Mekoni- Mekelle High voltage transmission line has completed and have gone into operation.
The construction of 500 kV Dedesa, Holeta, Sebeta substations, 400kV Gibe 3 and 230kV Hurso, Gambella, Mekoni substations were carried out and launched operations.
What is more interesting is that the power is generated from environmentally friendly and is having an adverse effect during the occurrence of drought. Besides, it is among the pillar sound policies intended to promote regional economic and security cooperation.
Sudan, Djibouti and Kenya are already interconnected with Ethiopia exporting power, besides the road, railway, ports service and other ways ongoing projects connecting the region.†
The knowledge and technology transfers gained in this sector is immense which enabled to construct the 400kV high voltage transmission lines by own force. Ethiopian professionals have been equipped with updated technology and skill regarding the construction of huge hydro dams, wind farms, geothermal powers and thermal power projects which enabled them to further realize by themselves saving huge foreign currency.
The game changer hydro and wind farm projects realized in the last ten years are saving the nation from power interruption. To maintain the rapid demand of electricity, the Ethiopian Electric Power is also undertaking the following projects.
The Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam launched in 2011 with massive mobilization of the people and government of Ethiopia has reached its construction 55%. The 4.7 multibillion dollar project is expected to produce 6000 megawatt electricity, besides its huge economic and political benefit.
More than 11000 foreigners and Ethiopians are working 24 hours to realize the dam at the set time. The dam is regarded as a game changer of Ethiopia and the regionís history as it can connect more the region after eliminating power shortages hindering the economy.
Gibe 3 located at the boundary of Wolaita and Daro zones is almost finished and is generating 800 megawatt. After completion, it will provide 1870 megawatt. The total cost of the project is 1.47 billion Euros.† Genale Dawa 3 hydro power project is underway and its construction has reached 60%. The total cost is 451 Million Dollars.
Ethiopia has gone so far in attaining its goal to introduce electric power in rural areas to tackle climate change. Just because the rural society cut massive trees for cooking, the power can stop and helps to sustain nature. The power can also use to intensify its ever growing huge economies. The Ethiopian Electric Power authority has allocated more than 58 billion Birr for the budget year of 2015/16.†
According to Engineer Azeb Asnake, Ethiopia will have 17000 Mega Watt total power generation capacity. The country will successfully provide enough power generation to the ever booming industry and manufacturing sectors, besides it will export enough power to Tanzania, Kenya, Djibouti, Sudan, and Somalia, which will enable her earn billion dollar foreign currency which in turn help raise export earnings.†
The energy sector is renewable and is in support of the globally motivated struggle against the ever growing climate change warning which is a threat to the human existence. Ethiopia should be appreciated and encouraged in this regard.
Ethiopia through its strategy by maximizing non carbon emitting energy could not only help itself, but also contributing to the region, continent and the globe. Its strategy hydro-power dams are one of the crucial developments that could benefit countries around it and also significantly contributing to the environment friendly development of the continent.
This has to be supported by all stakeholders and countries unanimously as the benefit of the countries development encompasses all countries in the continent and also beyond.