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Corruption: a worldwide phenomenon!

Corruption: a worldwide phenomenon!


Tefaye Lema



The world is in a corrupt environment amidst millions of hungry people. According to recent statistics some 795 million people in the world do not have enough food to lead a healthy active life, which is about one in nine people on earth. The vast majority of these people live in developing countries, where 12.9 percent of the population is undernourished, which is one person among four.


The statistics shows two-thirds of the total population in Asia hungry. As the same time, the Sub-Saharan Africa is the region with the highest prevalence of hunger.


It is clearly indicated that poor nutrition causes 45 per cent of deaths in children under five. Due to this problem about 3.1 million children die each year. This scenario is the worst in developing countries. In the contrary, billions of dollars were embezzled by officials, investors and brokers.


The wealth spent due to corruption could have helped to save life; feed hungry people. A study by Transparency International suggests that even the so called cleanest European nations might be linked to corruption abroad. They have been, for example, failing to tackle bribery by their companies in other countries.


There is no corruption-free country in the world although there are differences in degree and the type of corruption. †Denmark emerged the least corrupt nation in the world followed by Finland, Sweden, New Zealand, Netherlands, Norway, Switzerland, Singapore, Canada and Germany respectively.


The World Economic Forumís Global Competitiveness Report 2015/2016 highlights corruption as a significant factor in preventing business activity in emerging and developing economies. It is believed that tackling corruption is central to breaking this cycle of poverty and inequality.


In fact, the number of countries improved their score last year has raised. Greece, Senegal and the United Kingdom in particular have all made significant progress since 2012. The participation and concern of the people allover the world has also raised from time to time. †Bribes and backroom deals donít just steal resources from the most vulnerable; whereas† †they undermine justice and economic development, and destroy public trust in government and leaders.


According to Transparency International the ten most corrupt countries in the world include Somalia, North Korea, Sudan, Afghanistan, South Sudan, Iraq, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Libya and Eritrea.


Corruption in the public sector has become a very serious problem in the world particularly in developing countries; where most residents believe corruption in the public sector is a serious problem.


†At a global level, 69 per cent of the people questioned by Transparency International said they would report corruption if they encountered. The people in every country are ready to collaborate with the quick †


However, the problem is political commitment to wisely and meaningfully take measures to avoid corruption.† Governments are ineffective in fighting corruption. †The governments and ruling parties have no courage to fight corruption as they themselves were engaged in corrupt practices. †The list of the top 20 most corrupt nations in Africa† †according to Transparency International is Somalia.


Sudan, South Sudan, Libya, Eritrea, Guinea Bissau, Angola. Burundi , Zimbabwe, Democratic Republic of Congo, Chad, Republic of Congo, Central African Republic, Kenya, Guinea, Uganda, Comoros, Nigeria, Cameroon, Madagascar, †Togo , †Gambia, Mauritania, †Tanzania and Sierra Leone.


A successful anti-corruption work needs to focus on people and systems. In other words, one has to work to build attitudes, consciousness and knowledge amongst the different employees all through the projects, while simultaneously making sure to establish transparent systems and routines that minimizes the risk and possibility of corruption. Bribery and †lack of transparency have long been a challenges to growth in Africa, where 80 per cent of the population lives on less than 2 USD a day.


Botswana scores 63 out of a possible 100, making it the least corrupt country in Africa. Even in global terms itís a strong performance, since out of the 175 countries assessed around the world, two-thirds scored less than 50. †The index ranks a country according to the perception of corruption in its public sector. Corruption in this area traditionally leads to a host of unwanted social problems, from poorly equipped schools to rigged elections and †lack of trust in government.


The vast amount of money, currently being lost through opaque practices, poses a grave threat to the continentís growth and development. The annual outflow of illicit finance in Africa stands at around 60 billion USD, according to the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa.


Despite the gloomy statistics, there are several African countries making huge strides towards achieving better transparency.



But what is the status of Ethiopia? Ethiopia is the 103 least corrupt nations out of 175 countries, according to the 2015 Corruption Perceptions Index reported. †This implies the country is placed neither in the worst groups nor in the best ones. In this regard, much effort is needed to curb corrupt activities in the country.


There are several of the sectors in Ethiopia where facilitation payments as well as bribes are often demanded from businesses when they deal with land-related issues.


Corruption also occurs when businesses obtain permits and licenses due to complicated bureaucracy. Public procurement is also seriously affected and different types of irregularities exist. †There are non-transparent tender processes and awarding contracts to officials.


The legislative framework to prevent and sanction corruption in Ethiopia is strong. However, the government alone canít implement these laws effectively. It is not a task left only to the government. There should be a strong public participation and cooperation of other stakeholders. The media, non-governmental and governmental organizations, religious institutions, educational institutions and the public at large should play their roles in fighting corruption. Besides, there is need to consolidate efforts of all countries towards curbing corruption to create convenient world to the entire people in the globe.


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