On Collective Needs for Advancing and Leapfrogging Towards Extended Electric Power Generation Schemes with Modern Energy Services and Technologies for Developments of Rural and Urban Communities in Ethiopia
Woldemariam Wolde-Ghiorgis and Timnit Wolde-Ghiorgis, Co-Founders and Co-Directors, IDRI, Insight Development Research Institute, Ethiopia, November 01, 2016
Abstract: The paper presents pressing thoughts and insights for discussion on a timely overview on collective needs for advancing of and leapfrogging towards extended electric power generation schemes to advance modern energy services and technologies for developments of the fast growing rural and urban communities in Ethiopia.
Three major goals are being seen as bases for considering judiciously affordable and viable avenues for modern energy advancements so as to pave paths for employment creations and poverty reduction with multi-dimensional national electrification schemes. Within the national energy policies of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (FDRE), electrification plans are all seen being strengthened by energy knowledge and development plans and visions.
The first goal of the preliminary study is therefore to envisage a faster growth of the interconnected national grid with mixes of renewable energy sources comprising the extensive but underutilized hydropower resources and other plentiful and additional renewable energy resources including notably wind power, solar energy and geothermal sources for both grid integration and yet unexplored off-grid rural electrification schemes for vast farming and pastoral communities in dispersed villages.
Then the second objective of the presentation is to examine broadly and critically the scope of needed strategies to overcome the root causes of the Energy Poverty problem extensively and permanently facing Ethiopia and most Sub-Saharan African (SSA) countries with 550 to 600 million unelecrified but still growing populations within the first half of the fast moving and internet-based advancing 21st century. Among the non-electrified populations in Ethiopia are the growing and vast traditional farmers and pastoralists engaged in economically productive activities and distributed in dispersed rural villages and settlements over 1.14 million square kilometers throughout the country.
The third goal of the paper is on collective and joint needs to advance to and leapfrog towards vital electric generation schemes throughout the country. Learning fast from successful experiences and lessons in the newly industrialized countries in Asia, and also from the developing countries in North and South Africa, active involvements and participations are to be intentionally to be promoted in support of and in close cooperation with the national utility collectively and jointly in productive activities by power communities, including interested national and external investors, and above all with active participations of organized rural and urban power communities.
It is strongly contended that in addition to on-grid electrification opportunities and prospects, there are also definite alternatives and options for installing or building off-grid rural small-scale electric power hybrids of renewable energy sources with community organizations. Parallel research and development activities are also being recommended to be significant components of the knowledge and information sharing process, technology transfers and capacity building with innovative skills. The paper therefore proposes that capacity building by benefitting from the developed power sector will be rapidly enhanced by building innovative skills and the urgently wanted socio-economic development transformations. With firm visions and committed actions, and with the proposed off-grid power generation schemes, considerations of hybrids of small-scale renewable energy sources are being strongly recommended for provisions of urgently needed modern energy services and technologies ranging from improved lighting, efficient heating, basic mechanical powering, heating, water pumping and utilizations of growing modern communications links.
Key Words: Advancing Needs for Collectively Planned Electric Power Generation Schemes among Rural and Urban Communities in Ethiopia. Hybrids of Small-Scale Power Generation Schemes. Research and Development Activities by the Government with Private Business Interests and Active Rural Community Cooperatives.
Any comments, advice and guidelines on completing the above paper under preparation will be most welcome and highly appreciated.
As you know very well, Ethiopia has now also the Ministry of Environment and Climate Change, as well as the Ministry of Water, Irrigation and Electricity, and of course additionally many other Ministries..
Hopefully, very soon Ethiopia could also have a full Ministry of Energy as they have it in many advanced ands new or semi--industrialized countries like South Africa and Egypt.
In the USA, of course there is the infinitely large and complex Department of Energy(DOE), which has been helping many countries even China and India. I wonder if the DOE is fully known in Ethiopia, as it is very well known in many developed and developing countries.
See Also: Promoting Development