It was so incredible to the entire world when one of the world powers scrambling the African continent for colonization defeated in a severe battle at Adwa, a city in the Northern part of Ethiopia.
The news of the defeat and the
glorious victory of Ethiopians reached the world. The news of that calamity
It developed a feeling and belief that the white are not superpower. There are possibilities to by the Africans and as a result freedom fighters against the colonialists have begun to emerge and strengthen.
For the colonialist powers it was a shock. Particularly to the Italian people it became beyond their expectation and gave them room to know the courage of Ethiopians and the love and devotion for their motherland.
In the aftermath of the battle of
Historical documents indicate that
as the violence had become so fierce, the universities and theatres were closed
In other major cities like
The battle of
That historic day March 1, 1896 was
remembered not only in
Available documents indicated that
the 1889 treaty of Wuchale, which
Article 17 of that treaty fell under
different interpretation in the two versions of the document. In the
Italian-language, it stated that the Emperor of Ethiopia was obliged to conduct
all foreign affairs through Italian authorities; whereas, the Amharic version
stated that the Emperor could use the good offices of the
Having cheated the articulation of the treaty, later the Italian government decided on a military solution to force Ethiopia to accept the Italian version of the treaty.
Between the signing of the treaty and the Adwa battle there was famine in the six years, which was caused by animal disease. The animal disease was spread to Ethiopian cattle from cattle that Italians brought from India. That time was the darkest period to Ethiopians all their cattle was died of the spreading disease.
Besides, there was no infrastructure in the country. The people had no access to transport and other basic service delivery institutions. The Ethiopians had to move from all corners of the country to Adwa, northern part of Ethiopia on foot except a few of them who had the capability to use horses.
In addition to this there is no technology in the country. The army used traditional fighting materials including stone while fighting against the modern arm of Italy armed with modern weapons. Despite these three major obstacles, Ethiopians marched to Northern Ethiopia to fight against the Italian invading army.
Following Italy’s decision to force Ethiopia to accept the Italian version of the treatment, Ethiopians began their journey to Adwa under the command of Minilik II.
The journey was on foot and in some case on horse backs. It took 4 months and 12 days to Ethiopians from every corner of the country to join the group marching towards Adwa.
After that tiresome journey, Ethiopians had to fight with the modern Italian army. However, they had determination; courage and devotion that they manage to gain a glorious victory over the Italians, which turned the world politics and the notion of the superiority of whites to black people all over the world.